The Roman Forum was the heart of public life in ancient Rome, serving at once as the focal point for politics, religion and trade. The site evolved significantly over the centuries, various Roman kings and emperors adding and changing the layout considerably. Today you can see buildings and architectural remains dating from many different eras.
The site was chosen for the forum in the 7th century BC, between two hills, the Palatine hill and the Capitoline hill, after the alliance of Romulus and Titus Tatius. The marshland was drained with a sewer system and the first paving stones were laid under Rome's fifth king, Tarquin the Elder. The public Forum, encompassed shops, markets, basilicas, the Curia, seat of the senate, the Regia where priests and pontiffs met, and many temples. The main artery, the Via Sacra, was used for religious processions and political parades.
This historic site was to witness some of the most important political and historical developments in the ancient world, and its ruins have inspired countless artists, such as Canaletto.
Photo credits: Grossard - viaFrance
The Rome Forum
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